Christians sometimes object to the thought of the Jewish People having sovereignty over the Temple Mount because the Jewish People might rebuild the Temple. In some popular Christian thought, a rebuilt temple in Jerusalem is somehow the ”temple of antichrist” (God forbid). That, however, is not correct according to the New Testament and biblical teaching.
First of all, CRY FOR ZION is not an activist movement for rebuilding the Holy Temple in Jerusalem. It is a movement that wants to see Israel exercise its full sovereignty over Mt Zion, guaranteeing Jewish rights on their most holy place. That said, how the Jewish people seek to justly administer and develop the site in the future—including rebuilding the Temple—is their choice.
The misunderstanding about the so called ”temple of antichrist” comes mainly from two passages in the New Testament. The first is found in the book of Matthew, as Jesus is teaching on the Mount of Olives about the end of the age.
“So when you see the abomination of desolation spoken of by the prophet Daniel, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains” (Matthew 24:15–16).
The second passage is from the Apostle Paul’s second letter to the Thessalonians where he gives a short teaching about the day of the Lord and about the antichrist.
“Let no one deceive you in any way. For that day will not come, unless the rebellion comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction, who opposes and exalts himself against every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, proclaiming himself to be God” (2 Thessalonians 2:3–4).
Both of these passages suggest that before the end, an abomination, or the antichrist, will defile God’s Holy Temple in Jerusalem. Many Christians therefore want no part of a rebuilt Temple since the New Testament seems to predict that the antichrist will defile it. “Isn’t that the temple of antichrist?” they ask.
That, however, misses a very important point. Paul writes that it is God’s Temple—God’s holy place that is defiled. He does not say that it is a temple of antichrist that will be built for the antichrist! The “man of lawlessness” can only defile something that is holy to God.
In order to understand these passages from their real, historical context, we need some background information.
The New Testament was written by Jews and both of these passages have a lot to do with the Jewish story of Hanukkah. Ancient historical records, like the book of Maccabees, preserve the Hanukkah story for us.
Around 180 years before the time of Jesus, during the days of the Greek empire, the Greek king Antiochus Epiphanies began a great persecution of the Jewish people. He invaded Judea and sacked Jerusalem. He even stormed into the Holy Temple and defiled it.
Antiochus called himself Theos Epiphanes—“god manifest.” On God’s holy altar, he set up a an idol of Zeus with his face on it. He sacrificed a pig on the altar and threw the blood into the Holy of Holies. He cut the sacred, biblical scrolls into strips and burned them. In short, Antiochus completely defiled the second Temple in Jerusalem.
However, the Jewish people revolted, and after a long and bitter war, the tiny Jewish army miraculously defeated the superpower of their day, sometimes winning battles against forces several times their size.
Exactly three years after the Temple was defiled, the priesthood returned to Jerusalem and cleansed God’s Temple. They tore down the defiled altar and built a new one. Eight days later they rededicated the second Temple to the Lord. That’s the miraculous story of Hanukkah!
Daniel’s “Abomination of Desolation”
The prophet Daniel (in chapters 8 and 11) describes the events surrounding Antiochus in great detail. For this reason, secular scholars even claim that the Book of Daniel must have been written much later, after the events of Hanukkah. Daniel’s description is that precise!
Daniel calls the idol that Antiochus set up in the Temple “the abomination that makes desolate.” For example,
“Forces from him shall appear and profane the temple and fortress, and shall take away the regular burnt offering. And they shall set up the abomination that makes desolate.” (Daniel 11:31).
When Jesus mentioned “the abomination of desolation spoken of by the prophet Daniel,” his Jewish listeners easily understood the reference to when Antiochus Epiphanes defiled the Temple. Jews celebrated the cleansing and rededication of the Temple each year during the holiday of Hanukkah, as we see in the Book of John (10:22).
The unique part of Jesus’ statement, is that he said something similar would happen in the future. Someone else like Antiochus would come and defile God’s House. Daniel’s prophecy would have a second fulfillment.
But here is the main point: The second Temple was not built for Antiochus Apiphanes or his idols. Despite Daniel’s dire prophecy, it was God’s clear desire that the Temple be rebuilt.
God moved on the heart of the Persian king Cyrus to decree that it should be rebuilt (Ezra 1:1–4; 2 Chronicles 36:22–23). It was godly men, like the governor Zerubbabel, who rebuilt it, spurred on by the strong encouragement of prophets like Haggai and Zechariah (see Haggai 1–2; Zechariah 1–8).
Daniel’s prophecy that the evil king Antiochus would set up the abomination of desolation in God’s Temple, did not in any way conflict with God’s clear purpose that the second Temple be rebuilt. It was built for God, not for an evil king.
How then could Jesus’ prediction that the history of Antiochus would repeat itself, be in conflict with the rebuilding of God’s Holy Temple? How would Jesus’ teaching make a rebuilt Temple today into the “temple of antichrist?” That wouldn’t make sense. The same principle applies for Paul’s words in 2 Thessalonians 2, mentioned earlier.
It is well known that Jesus loved the Temple and called it his “Father’s House” (Luke 2:49). His disciples even said that zeal for God’s Temple consumed him (John 2:17). Like the weeping prophet Jeremiah, Jesus wept when he foresaw it’s destruction (Luke 19:41–44; 13:34–35), and all this despite the fact that the Temple of Jesus lifetime had been remodeled from the very ground up by the notoriously wicked king—Herod!
Christian Relations & Creative Director
CRY FOR ZION
Scripture quotations are from the ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.